James Crisp first represented his country in 1997 and has since enjoyed a successful career that has seen him win medals at every level of the sport, including 12 Paralympic medals.
He won his first IPC Swimming World Championship medals at the 1998 staging in Christchurch, New Zealand. Two years later he made his Paralympic debut in Sydney and impressed to land seven medals including individual golds over the 100m backstroke S9 and 200m individual medley SM9 in addition to relay gold with the 4x100m freestyle relay 34pt quartet.
After surgery ruled him out for selection to the team at Beijing 2008, James produced several strong performances on his return to competition at London 2012. His Games highlight was the 100m backstroke S9, in which he recorded his fastest time in two years to take the silver medal behind Australia's Matthew Cowdrey.
As he continued preparations for Rio 2016, James claimed gold in the 100m backstroke S9 at the 2016 IPC Swimming European Championships.
Crisp has won medals at every Paralympics and IPC Swimming World or European Championship at which he has competed.
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